Bariatric surgery

Obesity cause numerous common and lethal diseases and any non-surgical treatments done to prevent obesity till date have failed to provide an effective, durable solution. Bariatric surgery is one surgery that includes the procedures of gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, gastric banding and biliopancreatic bypass that have shown to produce substantial and durable weight loss.

Bariatric surgery - Overview

Obesity cause numerous common and lethal diseases and any non-surgical treatments done to prevent obesity till date have failed to provide an effective, durable solution. Bariatric surgery is one surgery that includes the procedures of gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, gastric banding and biliopancreatic bypass that have shown to produce substantial and durable weight loss.

Bariatric surgery 

Bariatric surgical restricts the amount of food the stomach can hold, causing malabsorption of nutrients, or by a amalgamation of both gastric restriction and malabsorption. This procedure includes several types of operations that help you lose weight by making changes to your digestive system. It is an option if you have extreme obesity and haven’t been able to lose enough weight to improve your health or keep from gaining back the weight you lost with other treatments.

Bariatric surgery - Symptoms

Obesity is diagnosed when an individuals body mass index (BMI) is 30 or higher, which the very first symptom towards getting in the getting of an obese. If you’re concerned about weight-related health problems, you should ask your doctor about obesity management to avoid your health risk.

Bariatric surgery - Pre-Procedure

Before performing the Bariatric surgery the patients is assessed by an interprofessional team encompassing endocrinologists cardiologists, dieticians, psychologists, anesthesiologists, nurses, and the surgeon. They take following steps to ensure a positive outcome after the bariatric surgery procedure.

  • In this step your doctor will look on your history of mental disorder, depression, eating disorders, prior weight loss attempts, compliance with therapy, and substance misuse to ensure if you are psychologically fit to undergo bariatric surgery.
  • Your doctor will do a complete evaluation before you undergo bariatric surgery.
  • Your doctor will recommend an abdominal ultrasound to identify possible liver pathology and cholelithiasis due to the high prevalence of the latter.
  • Your doctor will ask you to stop smoking at least three months before surgery, and quit smoking forever.

Bariatric surgery - During Procedure

Your surgeon will start the procedure by creating a small stomach pouch, approximately one ounce or 30 milliliters in volume dividing the top of the stomach from the rest of the stomach. In the next step he/she divide first portion of the small intestine and the lowest end of the divided small intestine is brought up and the doctor connect it to the newly created small stomach pouch. When this is done the surgeon will connect the top portion of the divided small intestine to the small intestine further down so that the stomach acids and digestive enzymes from the bypassed stomach.

Bariatric surgery - Post-Procedure

While many people shed 50 percent of their body weight after A Bariatric surgery. Some people burn fat faster than others. As the patients gets few small cuts during the surgery, it doesn’t now much recovery time and usually people stay in the hospital for 2 to 3 days, and get back to normal activities in 3 to 5 weeks.

Bariatric surgery - Risk & Complications

There are potential short-term and long-term complications from having a bariatric surgery. Some common side effects include:

  • Constipation
  • Some patients are diagnosed with the Dumping syndrome, which happens after eating high-sugar meals after weight loss surgery.
  • The sugary food rushes through the stomach and can cause nausea, vomiting, and weakness.
  • Gallstones can happen if the patient loses a lot of weight quickly. And sometimes these gallstones can cause nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.

 

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