Blood Cancer Treatment

Blood Cancer Treatment

Blood cancer affects the functioning and production of your blood cells. It takes place in the bone marrow which is the integral source of blood production. It is essentially a set of malignancies that wreaks havoc with the patient’s health and well being and stops them from working properly, often leading to fatality. Stem cells present in your bone marrow matures and develop into three types of blood cells: red blood cells, white blood cells, or platelets. In case of cancer, the blood production process is disturbed due to the growth of an abnormal type of blood cell.

Blood Cancer Treatment - Overview

Blood Cancer Treatment

Blood cancer affects the functioning and production of your blood cells. It takes place in the bone marrow which is the integral source of blood production. It is essentially a set of malignancies that wreaks havoc with the patient’s health and well being and stops them from working properly, often leading to fatality. Stem cells present in your bone marrow matures and develop into three types of blood cells: red blood cells, white blood cells, or platelets. In case of cancer, the blood production process is disturbed due to the growth of an abnormal type of blood cell. The various types include Leukemia, Lymphoma and Myeloma. However, the good news is that the treatment for blood cancer is now easily available and evolving rapidly. While some slow-growing blood cancers can be managed by just taking daily medication, but people with faster-growing acute blood cancers may need stronger (intensive) treatments. The treatment for blood cancer that your doctors recommend will depend on the type of blood cancer you have, your health, and your wishes. You might have just one type of treatment or a number of them or in some cases some people may never need treatment, or will choose not to have treatment.

Blood Cancer Treatment - Symptoms

Blood Cancer Treatment

Blood cancer is a type of growth which affects the blood, bone marrow, or lymphatic system. Some of the very common symptoms of blood cancer include:

  • Fatigue, Weakness, and Malaise
  • Shortness of breath
  • Minimal body strain results in bone fractures
  • Excessive or easy bruising
  • Bleeding gums
  • Recurrent infections or fever
  • Sweating of body during night
  • Weight loss
  • Frequent vomiting sensations
  • Anorexia
  • Lymph node (gland) enlargement
  • Lumps or abdominal distension due to enlarged abdominal organs
  • Abdominal pain, Bone pain and Back pain
  • Delirium and confusion
  • Irregular bleeding in gums nose and cuts, which will lead to platelet reduction
  • Headaches along with visual difficulties
  • Occurrence of fine rashes on dark spots
  • Decreased urination and difficulty while urinating

Blood Cancer Treatment - Pre-Procedure

Blood Cancer Treatment

Before performing the actual treatment your doctor will recommend a few tests to determine the stage of your cancer as people have blood cancer in a variety of ways. You doctor will recommend blood tests to get more information, before being sent to hospital for further tests. Some people are also advised a routine blood test.

Blood Cancer Treatment - During Procedure

Blood Cancer Treatment

Stem cell transplantation

A stem cell transplant is a method to replace your diseased bone marrow with healthy bone marrow. This type of blood cancer treatment have high doses of chemotherapy to kill the abnormal cells in your bone marrow or lymph nodes, then receiving healthy blood-forming stem cells with the help of a needle in your vein which will later form new blood cells that are infused into the patient’s body. The aim is for these new stem cells are to start making healthy blood cells. The blood-forming stem cells that are used in transplants are either taken from another individual, either from their bone marrow, or from the peripheral regions, or even from the blood of the umbilical cord.

Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is one of the major forms of treatment for leukemia. This treatment uses chemicals to kill leukemia cells. It is a non-intensive treatment that is usually gentler and causes fewer side effects. This treatment uses anticancer or cell-killing drugs designed to interfere with and halt the growth of cancer cells in the body that helps to fight cancer in the body. Depending on the type of cancer you have, you may receive a single drug or a combination of drugs. These drugs may come in the form of a pill, or they may be injected directly into a vein.

Radiation Therapy.

Radiation therapy used to destroy cancer cells or to relieve pain or discomfort through X-rays or other high-energy beams to damage leukemia cells and stop their growth. During radiation therapy, you will have to lie on a table while a large machine moves around you, directing the radiation to precise points on your body. You may receive radiation over your whole body or receive radiation therapy in one specific area of your body where there is a collection of leukemia cells. This type of therapy may be used to prepare for a stem cell transplant.

Blood Cancer Treatment - Post-Procedure

Blood Cancer Treatment

The main objective of most of the blood cancer treatments but not all – is to achieve remission which means that the cancer cells in your body are removed. Once your treatment is finished, your healthcare team will do more tests, similar to the ones you had when you were diagnosed to check if there are any cancer cell left in the blood.

Blood Cancer Treatment - Risk & Complications

Blood Cancer Treatment

The risk and complications of blood cancer treatment may vary in each case. Different people have different responses to their respective treatment.

  • Short-term side effects are generally temporary ones that you may get during and immediately after your treatment.
  • Long-term side effects may last for more than a month or take even years, or even entire life.

Blood Cancer Treatment - Doctors

Blood Cancer Treatment

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