Colon Cancer Treatment

Colon cancer also called colorectal cancer; it is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the colon or the rectum in a person’s body. Colon Cancer is a serious disease not to be taken lightly and one should take precautions. Treatment for colon cancer is also based largely on the stage (extent) of the cancer, but other factors can also be important.

Colon Cancer Treatment - Overview

Colon cancer also known as colorectal cancer; it is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the colon or the rectum in a person’s body. This is a serious disease not to be taken lightly and one should take precautions. Treatment for colon cancer completely depends on the stage (extent) of the cancer, but other factors can also be important. People with colon cancers that have not spread to distant sites usually have surgery as the main or first treatment option for Colon cancer. Chemotherapy is another option that is used in some cases after the surgery (called adjutant treatment).

Colon Cancer Treatment - Symptoms

There may often no signs in the early stage of the colon cancer; the symptoms of colon cancer tend not to be specific. The symptoms can occur due to a number of different conditions. These symptoms can also vary according to the specific location within the colon where the tumor is located.

Some of the common symptoms and signs of colon cancer are:

  • Rectal bleeding or blood in the stool,
  • Dark-colored stool,
  • Change in bowel habits,
  • Change in stool consistency,
  • Constipation,
  • Diarrhea,
  • Narrow stools.

If one has any of these symptoms of colon cancer, it is advisable to visit a doctor at the earliest and get proper medical attention.

Colon Cancer Treatment - Pre-Procedure

Before performing the actual treatment your doctor will recommend you to have certain screening tests for healthy people with no signs or symptoms in order to determine the signs of colon cancer or noncancerous colon polyps. Finding colon cancer at its earliest stage offer the greatest chance to cure the cancer.

Colon Cancer Treatment - During Procedure

The treatment for colon cancer completely depends on the stage of the cancer. Following procedures are performed in different stages:

Surgery
Surgery in a colon cancer treatment is done for the removal of the tumor and some surrounding healthy tissue during an operation called surgical resection. Surgery is one of the most common treatments for colorectal cancer. In this method parts of the healthy colon or rectum and nearby lymph nodes are also removed.

Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is another option for colon cancer that is generally performed to treat cancer that has spread through the use of drugs/ medicines that travel through the whole body. In this method the doctors use drugs to remove and destroy the cancer cells, usually by ending the cancer cells’ ability to grow and divide. Chemotherapy may be given after the surgery to remove any remaining cancer cells. In some cases, the doctor will give chemotherapy and radiation therapy before surgery to people with rectal cancer, to reduce the size of a rectal tumor and reduce the chance of the cancer returning.

Radiotherapy
Radiation therapy also known as radio Therapy which is used for the treatment of cancer during the later stage;  In this method the doctors use high-energy x-rays to destroy cancer cells. Radiation therapy is commonly used for treating rectal cancer because this tumor tends to recur near where it has originally started; it is a preventive radiation treatment which focuses intense energy rays on the cancer cells in hopes of destroying them.

Colon Cancer Treatment - Post-Procedure

After the Colon Cancer treatment your doctor will recommend you the following preventive measures:

  • You should maintain a healthy weight
  • You should start exercising
  • consuming plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
  • decreasing saturated fat and red meat intake

People are also advised to limit alcohol consumption and quit smoking.

Colon Cancer Treatment - Risk & Complications

If one is suffering from colon cancer, they should seek medical attention as soon as possible and use some of these methods to alleviate their pain and try to fight their disease. However there are few risks and complications associated with colon cancer that your doctor will tell you before the treatment. These are some risks and complications that may occur after the treatment:

  • Colon cancer treatments often damage healthy cells and tissues so the side effects are common. Side effects of the treatment may also depend mainly on the type and extent of the treatment.  These side effects may not be the same for each person, and they may change from one treatment session to the next.

Colon Cancer Treatment - Doctors

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