Knee Replacement Surgery

Knee joint is one of the most complex joint of the body that consists of three components junction of three bones: the patella (knee cap), distal femoral condyles(thigh bone) and the proximal tibial plateau(leg bone). The ends are covered with articular cartilage- an elastic material that allows the knee to move freely.

Knee Replacement Surgery - Overview

Knee joint is one of the most complex joint of the body that consists of three components junction of three bones: the patella (knee cap), distal femoral condyles(thigh bone) and the proximal tibial plateau(leg bone). The ends are covered with articular cartilage- an elastic material that allows the knee to move freely. If damaged, the cartilage cannot repair itself so in that case the doctors recommend knee replacement. If it gets hard for the patient to perform simple activities, such as walking or climbing stairs or the knee is harshly damaged by arthritis or injury and they have started feeling pain while sitting or lying down then Knee replacement is the best resort that can help.

Knee Replacement Surgery - Symptoms

Knee replacement surgery is generally recommended when a patient starts to notice the following symptoms:

  • If you have been suffering from arthritis for long and you want to get rid of it.
  • Constant weakness in arms and legs that is constantly bothering you.
  • If you have pain in the back of the lower leg is a major indication that knee should be checked.

So any pain around your knee that is constantly bothering your daily movement, you should contact your doctor and get it diagnosed.

Knee Replacement Surgery - Pre-Procedure

Before a knee replacement surgery the patient should have regular visits to the surgeon. The patient is also required to take a proper control on the diet plan before undergoing a knee surgery. The orthopedic surgeons will recommend the patient to spend almost half the day in the hospital before the surgery so that all his/her questions are answered. Patient is not allowed to have any kind of solid food on the day of the knee pain treatment. He/She is also advised to maintain cleanliness to avoid any kind of infection attacking after the surgery.

Knee Replacement Surgery - During Procedure

During a knee replacement surgery the patient is given general anesthesia to make the part below the waist numb. The standard procedure of knee replacement involves cutting of about 8-12 inch from around the front knee and the knee joint that needs a replacement is removed. The surface that is empty will be given a proper shape accordingly to accommodate the artificial joint. The joint has to be attached to the thigh bone to have a better grip along with muscles and ligaments.

Knee Replacement Surgery - Post-Procedure

The next six months after getting a knee replacement surgery the patient is asked have regular follow ups with the doctor for assistance but after that period the patient will need no major help in walking. The patient will have to make regular visits to the knee specialist as it will help the knee to recover faster. Except from heavy movement like running or jumping, the patient can do everything. The patient will also need to keep a tab on his/her body weight to avoid any kind of problems.

Knee Replacement Surgery - Risk & Complications

There are certain precautions that one should take after undergoing a knee surgery so that no major injury happens. Knee pain treatment will be cured for sure but one should take precautions like Avoid doing any kind of Heavy exercises or moving around of the legs. Too much Staircase climbing and soft chairs or recliners can put more stress on your knee. Rooms should be kept clutter free from any unforeseen fall.

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