Liver Cancer

Liver Cancer

Liver cancer is the growth and spread of unhealthy cells in the liver, it is a type of cancer that starts in the liver that is attributed to the uncharacteristic rise in cell reproduction. Cancer that starts in the liver is also called primary liver cancer and the cancer that spreads to the liver from another organ is called metastatic liver cancer.

Liver Cancer - Overview

Liver Cancer

Liver cancer is the growth and spread of unhealthy cells in the liver, it is a type of cancer that starts in the liver that is attributed to the uncharacteristic rise in cell reproduction. Cancer that starts in the liver is also called primary liver cancer and the cancer that spreads to the liver from another organ is called metastatic liver cancer. Liver cancer treatment includes liver transplant and surgery that is performed when a part of the liver has been infected. Some cancers grow outside the liver and spread to the whole area. Just Like other cancer treatments, Liver cancer treatment also depends on the stage of the condition.

Liver Cancer - Symptoms

Liver Cancer

The symptoms of liver cancer do not usually become obvious until the disease reaches an advanced stage.

Liver cancer may cause the following symptoms:

  • Swelling in the abdomen or fluid buildup
  • Fatigue
  • Jaundice
  • Abdominal pain
  • Pain close to the right shoulder blade
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • An enlarged liver, spleen or both
  • Back Pain
  • Itching
  • Fever
  • A full feeling after a small meal
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

The other symptoms of liver cancer may also include swollen veins that are visible under the abdominal skin, as well as bruising and bleeding.

Liver Cancer - Pre-Procedure

Liver Cancer

Before the procedure your doctor will first recommend a few tests of blood, urine, and heart, etc considering the symptoms to diagnose your liver. After that your doctor will work to determine the extent (stage) of the cancer. He will conduct a staging test to determine the size and location of cancer and whether it has spread. Once all the tests are complete your doctor will find a liver donor for you to perform the procedure. If you’re suitable for a liver transplant and once the good news of donor’s availability is confirmed, you’ll normally need to be placed on a waiting list until a donor’s liver becomes available for you. Once the liver donor is available the specialist doctors sit with the family of the patients to explain the entire process and the risk associated with it. A written agreement is also signed by the patient’s family. After completion of all the above formalities, the patient is kept on “Nil by Mouth” diet which means the patient can only intake fluid with the use of IV drip.

Liver Cancer - During Procedure

Liver Cancer

A team of the best liver hospital in India is involved in Liver transplant treatment in India which includes a hematologist, an anesthesiologist and paramedical support. Usually it takes almost 6 hours to 12 hours for the process to finish. 

What should I expect during the process? 

The patient is given general anesthesia once all the monitoring devices are placed, then a tube is connected to a ventilator that is inserted into the lungs. As the final part of the transplantation. The bile duct is removed, and the liver that needs to be transplanted is replaced with the donor’s liver.

Liver Cancer - Post-Procedure

Liver Cancer

Liver transplant in India are mostly successful. Once the liver is successfully transplanted, the patient is kept under observation for a few days to keep a check on the blood pressure, the pulse rate, sugar level, body temperature etc. is normal or not. It takes around 10 to 15 days to recover after the surgery and the patient is allowed to leave. A liver transplant treatment is a whole long process of recovering, but a majority of people suffering from liver cancer will eventually be able to return to most of their normal activities and have a good quality of life after liver transplantation or liver cancer treatment.

Liver Cancer - Risk & Complications

Liver Cancer

There are several risks that are associated with liver transplant– 

  • The new liver doesn’t work properly, your body attacking the new liver (rejection) and
  • Blockage or Leakage in one of your bile. 

Liver transplant surgery is not an easy surgery yet the positive side is the success rate of Liver transplant in India has been high; however one should be ready for the outcome which can be both positive and negative.

Liver Cancer - Doctors

Liver Cancer

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Liver Cancer

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