Kidney Transplant

Kidney Transplant

The procedure requiring the removal of a non-functional kidney and replacing it with a healthy kidney is a kidney transplant. Usually, when the kidneys of the person fail to work and disarray overall bodily functions, kidney transplant treatment in India happens.
The two bean-shaped organs, present on the left and right side of the spinal cord and lower than the rib cage, are kidneys. They are hop approximately a fist in measurement. Kidneys are one of the vital organs in the human body that carries out chief functions such as managing blood pressure and expelling waste in the form of urine. The excess waste accumulation inside the human system affects the blood pressure leading to kidney failure. When losing around 90% of its functioning ability, a kidney fails to work, and it is End-Stage Renal Disease.

Kidney Transplant - Overview

Kidney Transplant

Renal or kidney transplant is mainly for people with (ESRD) End-stage kidney Disease. Reckoning by the age of the individual, if the function is 15% lower than regular, is called kidney failure. The transplant may seem to be a cure, but it is only a treatment that requires the person to be on immunosuppressants for the entire life. Along with medicine, the patient should visit the consultant doctor as per reprimand. A person facing ESRO has to investigate complete medical tests ensuring fitness to bear the surgical transplant before kidney transplant. If chosen, they may be on the waiting list for receiving a kidney from a deceased donor. And if the patient cannot manage the transplant, they choose other treatments. A kidney transplant is advisable for healthy individuals who can carry on the pre and post-transplant conditions.

Kidney Transplant - Symptoms

Kidney Transplant

Factors causing kidney or renal failure-Symptoms

Some of the common factors catalysing End Stage Renal failure or kidney failure are:

  • Persistent Glomerulonephritis (Swelling and scarring of glomeruli)
  • Constant and high blood pressure
  • Persistent Diabetes
  • Autoimmune disease
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Lupus
  • Haemolytic Uremic Syndrome
  • Blockage

In kidney failure, the accumulated waste is void from the blood through dialysis or a transplant for life long.

The healthcare team in the hospital takes sole care of the patients for the best possible results of a kidney transplant. Every treatment ensures the patient gets proper attention to each detail from the team, helping them make the best treatment option suitable.

Tests determining the need for a kidney transplant :

To understand the functionality of the kidney, the person needs to go through two tests; (eGFR) Glomerular Filtration Rate and Albumin-Creatinine Ratio. These tests calculate the functions of the kidney and the levels of CKD chronic kidney disease.

Below are the stages

  • 1st stage: eGFR 90 or above
  • 2nd stage: eGFR in 60-89
  • 3rd stage: eGFR in 30-59
  • 4th stage: eGFR in 15-29
  • 5th stage: eGFR below 15

A 5th stage chronic kidney disease patient is an End stage renal disease patient.

A patient with ESRD makes sure to deplete the extra waste from blood through machinery treatment- dialysis to remove the toxins inside the body. They can opt for a kidney transplant as it helps in living life in a better way improving longevity in life. A kidney transplant is a process of surgically planting a new donor kidney into an ESRD patient.

How to evaluate

To begin with, the evaluation procedure person can receive a kidney from a compatible living donor. If they fail to get a living donor, their name is on the waiting list of the deceased donor kidney.

The waiting time is for donor highly depends on

  • Compatibility of patient and donor
  • Period of dialysis
  • Estimated time post-transplant
  • Number on the waiting list

As kidneys are in shortage and the wait list is lengthy many patients get a transplant in months while some are on hold for as long as years. On average, a person may have to wait for 03 – 05 years. The people on the waiting list receive a new functional kidney depending on their health or schedule.

Al-Arif  Hospitals needs expertise in the best procedures for a kidney transplant before dialysis and living donor transplants. Patients with complications like pairing kidney transplants, ABO-incompatible and incompatible.

Evaluation

By the individual search for the best suitable transplant centre depending on

  • The transplants they perform each year
  • survival rate of kidney transplant surgery
  • Comparative statistics by database by Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients.
  • Offered donation procedures
  • Increasing expectancy to receive a living donor kidney

The other thing to include is kidney transplant costs in India which include

  • Procuring organ (kidney)
  • From before post-transplant
  • Transplant surgery, Stay at the hospital
  • All the tests, Frequent appointments and Commutes charges

The best transplant hospital for kidney transplant costs in India also covers

  • Supporting group
  • Arrangement for travelling
  • Arrangement of housing for recovering patients with referrals
  • Up-to-date technology, technique and continuous growth of the transplant centre

By the centre

Once the patient selects a transplant centre or hospital for a kidney transplant, they evaluate if the patient is eligible according to their terms.

The transplant team determines the following criteria

  • Ability of a patient to handle the transplant surgery and continue medicines post kidney transplant throughout the life.
  • Patient doesn’t have Prior medical situations that complicate and hinder the accomplishment of the transplant.
  • The willingness of the patient to follow the medicines and guidelines of the healthcare team
  • A complete physical examination includes MRI, X-RAY, CT Scan and Blood tests.
  • Psychological examination
  • Other tests necessary for the procedure

The transplant team completes all the above requirements and then understands the capability of a person to undergo a kidney transplant. All transplant hospitals and centres have particular criteria to accept or decline an individual. Upon rejection, a patient can approach other centres on the favourable list.

Kidney Transplant - Pre-Procedure

Kidney Transplant

Things to know

Pre- Procedure for kidney transplant

Searching for the best match

The team considers multiple factors to evaluate the best match donor for the patient. A donor may be related or unrelated or living or dead. Additionally, the team will search for the best appropriate match with age, size and probability of infection.

To understand if a donated kidney is a good match, a patient has to go through a few tests

  • Compatible blood type

High preference is for a kidney with the same blood group as the donor and patient.

  • ABO Incompatible kidney transplant

In transplants where donor and patient have different blood, groups are ABO Incompatible kidney transplants. These transplants require specific medications pre and post-transplant that helps avoid organ rejection in the body.

  • Human Leukocyte Antigen

As for compatible blood type organs, a tissue typing test is next in the line for human leukocyte antigen typing. It is a comparison of genetic markers probably increasing the life of the donated kidney to prolong activity. In a good match, the possibility of the human system rejecting the new donor kidney is minimal.

  • Cross-matching

The match test requiring a tiny amount of blood sample from donor and patient to test in the Lab is the Crossmatch test. The test is to understand the reaction of antibodies in the blood with particular antigens in the donor blood.

  • When a cross match is negative, the organ is compatible, and the system has fewer chances of rejecting the new kidney from the donor.
  • When the cross match is positive, that makes the kidney an ABO Incompatible kidney transplant, and a transplant is attainable. It requires specific medicinal treatment pre and post-transplant to decrease the risks of rejection of the new kidney from the donor.

Kidney Transplant - During Procedure

Kidney Transplant

During the kidney transplant procedure

The patient is on general anaesthesia and sleeping during the surgery. The best doctors performing the surgery will keenly monitor blood pressure, heart rate and oxygen levels of blood until completion of the surgery.

Details of surgical procedure

The in-charge surgeon creates a cut in the lower area and a side of the abdomen to plant the new healthy kidney in the patient. In case the kidneys are causing problems like the formation of kidney stones, increasing blood pressure, infections or are pain doctor suggest removing them. And if not, the kidneys in the body are intact with the donor kidney in the lower abdomen. The blood vessels of the new transplant kidney and the blood vessels of the lower abdomen form a hinge from above one of the legs. The ureter of the donor kidney (tube linking the kidney and bladder) is given connection to the bladder. Once everything is set doctor closes the incision with the treading method.

Types of kidney transplant

Classifying donor criteria kidney transplant can be a recent deceased donor or a living donor like a family member, friend or someone unknown. A single healthy donated kidney smoothly carries out the functions of two kidneys, which is a usual possibility for a living donor kidney transplant. In the truancy of a matching living donor kidney, the patient has to wait for a deceased donor kidney.

In a kidney transplant, the original kidneys do not detach until necessary the new donor kidney is pent in the abdomen connecting the arteries.

There are three types of Donor criteria for kidney transplants

  • Living donor kidney transplant
  • Deceased donor kidney transplant
  • Pre-emptive kidney transplant

A pre-emptive transplant is a process in which a few patients receive a kidney transplant before they need to undergo dialysis.

In comparison, a healthy transplanted kidney works better in filtering the waste than a dialysis treatment that has to continue throughout life. Transplanting a kidney may cure ESRD and prolong life with improvements in health. Some other pros of kidney transplants include

  • Better life
  • decreasing the death risk
  • fewer restrictions on diet
  • In some people, dialysis can be a better treatment as the kidney transplant can be a risky task for a comfortable living and long life. Below are some reasons associated with the risks of a kidney transplant
  • Serious heart cases
  • Old age
  • Excessive use of drugs or alcohol
  • A previous or present cancer patient
  • Dementia
  • Factors posing hazardous effects in the process and post-transplant causing difficulty to take organ rejection medicines

Living donor kidney is an option as a donor kidney can effectively work in place of both kidneys in a patient with kidney failure.

Living donor kidney transplant

A living kidney donor is an option to avoid being on the waiting list for a deceased and compatible kidney donor. In most cases, the family members tend to be compatible living kidney donors. Usually, the transplants which attain success are the kidneys a patient receives from friends, religiously related members, or workmates.

If a donor and patient are Incompatible or have problems matching, the willing donor still has an alternative way to donate the kidney. The donor donates their kidney to a third person compatible with the patient. When the third person donates their kidney to the patient, then the actual donor donates the kidney to the third person. This process of an Incompatible kidney transplant is called Paired donation.

Few cases involve the above 04 recipients and donors linking with the living donor who has not mentioned a definite person to be the recipient. In such cases, a chain of donations is built that benefits the donor as a gift. Hence, paired donations are indirectly a boon benefiting Incompatible kidney transplant procedures.

When a living donor is unobtainable, the patient is appending on the waiting list for a deceased kidney donor. As the waiting list has more patients than the availability, patients have to wait for years to receive a deceased donor kidney.

Deceased donor kidney transplant

The patients who do not receive a living donor kidney have to wait for a deceased donor. People on the waiting list receive the donor kidney according to their health risk or wait for their turn. The deceased-donor kidney is of random people who expire accidentally or with ailments but have healthy organs.

Kidney Transplant - Post-Procedure

Kidney Transplant

Post Procedure process

When the surgical procedure is over, the patient is sent to ICU to monitor the vitals stability like blood pressure and heart rate. Then the patient is bound to stay in a hospital or transplant centre for more than a week. The transplanted new kidney begins to excrete out waste and toxins through urine. In some cases, the kidney will not start working immediately and requires dialysis till the kidney starts functioning normally. The patient will also begin taking immunosuppressant’s to make sure the new transplant kidney does not get rejected.

While recovering from surgery, the patient may feel pain on and around the incision till it completely heals. Commonly, for around six weeks, the patient should avoid heavy weight lifting and strenuous exercise at least not more than 10 pounds. Many kidney transplant patients resume their daily life and work around eight weeks after the transplant.

The patient needs to go through check-ups frequently while recouping. When leaving the hospital, the patient must know they still require a close monitor to confirm the kidney is functioning appositely and not rejected by the system.

Apart from this, the patient needs to draw blood for tests multiple times a week. And adjusting to the medicines till after a few weeks of transplant. For people staying away-out stations, they have to arrange a staying place close to the hospital or centre to visit frequently.

The transplant patients need to continue the medicines in the prescription for their complete life. That can be quite a number to take drugs like immunosuppressants to help the new kidney from rejection by the system. The immune system suppresses some other medicines in prescription to take care of infections and problems to make the transplant successful.

Dietary requirements

A kidney transplant has lower obstruction than dialysis treatments through a few changes are necessary. Post-surgery a few changes in diet are made to serve the new kidney to maintain its health and functions.

The medicines may increase the appetite and indirectly adds extra weight hazardous to the patient.

Do keep a check on calories and possibly avoid grapefruit, green tea, and pomegranate and lessen sodium as they tend to interrelate with prescription causing an oversupply of few drugs.

Body weight should be strictly in control by diet needs and adequate exercise to prevent the risks. The risks include high blood pressure, diabetes and heart ailments. Doctors appoint special dieticians for the patient to take advice and follow the diet instructions.

After the transplant, the patient should focus on healthy activities such as walking. Slowly include more activities that can keep the person working out for 30-35 minutes in the beginning.

Other activities such as cycling, walking, swimming, and strength-gaining exercises to return to normal activities are enjoyable. Consult with the transplant team before starting these activities for necessary precautions.

 Maintain health

Good health is a must, even if a transplant is on the schedule for the patient or still in line for a deceased donor kidney. As the active and healthy patient can prepare in time for the transplant as the moment arrives. It will also be helpful in quick recovery post-surgery.

  • Following the prescription of medicine
  • Following the exercises and diet plan as per instructions
  • Following the doctor appointments
  • Avoid smoking
  • Self-care and relaxing
  • Regularly connecting the healthcare team and thoroughly discussing any developing health change
  • Ensuring availability with the transplant team
  • Being ready with necessities and transport to reach the centre soon.

The Result

After the success of a kidney transplant, the new donor kidney performs the significant functions of filtering blood and excretion waste. So the patient does not need to go through dialysis.

As the new kidney shall avoid rejection from the system, the patient requires taking anti-rejection medicines. Such medicines suppress immunity leading to sensitivity to infections. Apart from these, antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral medicaments are in prescription.

The patient needs to take medicines as per prescription as the immune system can reject the kidney in less span. Consult the doctor regarding any side effects, owing to the intake of medicines immediately.

Make sure of frequent skin check-ups with a dermatologist for cancer screening. It is highly advisable to undergo the same for any other cancers.

Kidney Transplant - Risk & Complications

Kidney Transplant

The transplants of kidneys are procedures which can help treat the major diseases or failure of the kidneys. So it cannot be a curable method for all ailments as few tend to reappear post-transplant surgery.

The common risks involving transplants for compatible and Incompatible kidney transplants associate with operating procedures and the human system rejecting new donor kidneys. The patient needs to take anti-rejecting medicines to avoid refusal of a new donor kidney. The side effects due to immunosuppressants also pose a health risk.

The person undergoing the procedure must make a thoughtful decision contemplating the best option for them. They should take help from family, friends and the transplant team to carefully reach a better choice. The patient must be aware of all the consequences, benefits, and cons and ask questions regarding the procedure to the transplant team.

The Complications

Surgical kidney transplants have certain complications and risks involving:

  • Infectious kidney
  • Excessive bleeding and clots in the blood
  • Linking tube (ureter) between bladder and kidney getting Blockage or leaks.
  • Heart attack, heart stroke or death
  • Donor kidney failure or rejection
  • Medicinal side effects

To avoid organ rejection, a patient needs to take anti-rejecting medicines to protect the new kidney that causes health issues like:

  • Bone damage and thinning
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Abundant hair loss or growth
  • Risk prone to cancer generally, lymphoma and skin cancer
  • Infections
  • Swelling
  • Increasing weight

A transplanted kidney helps the person lead a better life increasing the life span. As the person needs to take immunosuppressants throughout life, scientific research is actively developing medicines to stop the rejection of organs. As per the unpredictable nature of life, every individual should make sure to bring the best possible choices for their health and live comfortably beyond pain and diseases.

 Survival Rate

The survival rate for deceased donor kidney varies from 85-90%, whereas 90-95% for living donor kidneys. The successful rate of kidney transplants in India is 90 %, and the patient is healthy after 03 years of the transplant.

Unfortunately, if the transplanted kidney is not functional, the patient can go for a second transplant or continue dialysis. Depending on the person’s decision, they can continue or abort the treatment. Consult the doctor to stop the treatment and take necessary medicines in prescription to prevent the symptoms. It depends upon the health status, tolerance for surgery and the outcome of life for the person.

Top Kidney Transplant - Doctors in India

Kidney Transplant

Finding Kidney Transplant specialist doctor in India for foreign patients even for an Indian person is not easy work. If you are searching for the best Kidney Transplant doctor in India for the treatment then our healthcare consultants are ready for helping you. They provide you with the complete details about the specialist doctors. A list of top Kidney Transplant doctors in India with complete details such as experience, fees, contact number, hospital, etc. in Delhi, Gurgaon, Faridabad, Noida, Chennai, Mumbai etc. are given below and you can book an appointmentonline.

  • Dr. Amit K. Devra

    Dr. Amit K. Devra

    Senior Consultant , MBBS, MS, DNB

    Urologist

    16 years of experience

  • Dr. Sanjay Gogoi

    Dr. Sanjay Gogoi

    Director , DNB, MCh, MS, MBBS

    Urologist and Renal Transplant Specialist

    18 years of experience

  • Dr. Anant Kumar

    Dr. Anant Kumar

    Chairman , DNB, MCh, MS, MBBS

    Urology

    30 years of experience

  • Dr. Vijay Kher

    Dr. Vijay Kher

    MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Nephrology, MNAMS – Nephrology

    Nephrologist/Renal Specialist

    29 Years Experience

  • Dr. H. S. Bhatyal

    Dr. H. S. Bhatyal

    Senior Consultant , MBBS, MS, MCh

    Urologist

    40 years of experience

Best Kidney Transplant - Hospitals in India

Kidney Transplant

If you are planning for Kidney Transplant in India and searching for the best Kidney Transplant hospital in India then no worries. Al Alfiya Medi Tour is ready for helping you. We have a team of experienced healthcare consultants. They will help you in finding the best hospital for Kidney Transplant in India. You can choose any top Kidney Transplant hospital in Delhi, Gurgaon, Faridabad, Noida, Chennai, Mumbai, etc. The list of Kidney Transplant hospitals in the main cities- Delhi, Mumbai, Gurgaon, Noida, Faridabad, etc. in India with complete details such as hospital address, phone number, city, and best doctors list, etc. is given below. You can book an online appointment with any hospital now.

Book An Appointment for Kidney Transplant

Kidney Transplant

    Get Free Treatment Plan From Top Hospital

    More Info About Kidney Transplant

    Kidney Transplant
    Procedure Cost in USD Stay in Hospital Stay in India Total Days
    Kidney Transplant 12000- 14000 10 days 30 days 40

    Kidney Transplant Treatment Cost in India

    Kidney Transplant

    The transplant centre or hospital takes utmost care of the patients in the hospital. The best hospital for kidney transplant costs in India may range from 05-06 lakhs depending on the patients. The patient can undergo a living donor transplant without undergoing dialysis and waiting for a donor. For the availability of donated kidneys and other queries, feel free to contact the team.

    Kidney Transplant Success Rate in India

    Kidney Transplant

    The survival rate for deceased donor kidney varies from 85-90%, whereas 90-95% for living donor kidneys. The successful rate of kidney transplants in India is 90 %, and the patient is healthy after 03 years of the transplant.

    Unfortunately, if the transplanted kidney is not functional, the patient can go for a second transplant or continue dialysis. Depending on the person’s decision, they can continue or abort the treatment. Consult the doctor to stop the treatment and take necessary medicines in prescription to prevent the symptoms. It depends upon the health status, tolerance for surgery and the outcome of life for the person.

    Contact Form

      We Provide Treatment For Below African Countries Patients

      Special Packages For African Countries

      TOP DOCTORS BY SPECIALTY

      Book Appointment


        Copyright © 2022 Al Afiya Medi Tour | All Rights Reserved.

        Consult Now