A kidney failure, also known as end-stage renal disease (ESRD), needs a kidney transplant. A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure that is performed to treat kidney failure.
A kidney failure, also known as end-stage renal disease (ESRD), needs a kidney transplant. A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure that is performed to treat kidney failure. For people facing kidney failure, transplant is considered to be the best treatment option because it can increase the patient’s chances of living a longer, healthier life. The kidneys filter waste from the blood and remove it from the body through your urine and also help maintain your body’s fluid and electrolyte balance. If your kidneys stop working, waste builds up in your body and can make you very sick and you may need to get transplantation when your kidneys are close to failure before you need to start dialysis.
Here at Al-Afiya medi tour, we offer access to the best kidney transplant surgeons in India. You can connect with our specialists to understand all the medical and legal aspects of visiting India for an organ transplant.
Renal disease i.e. the end stage is the most common symptom for kidney transplantation. Despite the primary cause of this disease, a patient is considered to have arrived at this stage when the glomerular filtration rage is less than 15ml/min/1.73 sq.m. Common causes of ESRD include –
Before conducting a kidney transplant from an organ donor who has died (cadaver), the patient is placed on a waiting list of the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS). General testing must be done before you can be placed on the transplant list.
Before the patient undergoes the procedure for a kidney transplant, the doctors will ask him/her to get a few tests done to assess how well the donor’s kidney matches the patient’s blood and tissue type. It’s not easy that the body easily accepts the new organ but making sure that the patient has a close tissue match helps to improve the chances of the body accepting the new organ.
In India, the patient needs to undergo several tests before the transplantation is performed that ensure your heart and lungs are free of diseases and there is no significant risk of other diseases like cancers and other conditions that reduce your lifespan.
A kidney transplant surgery is performed under general anesthesia. It usually takes 2-4 hours for this operation to finish. The procedure starts by placing the donor kidney in patient’s lower abdomen and then the blood vessels from the donor’s kidney are connected to the veins and arteries in patient’s body. Furthermore, the donor kidney’s ureter will also be connected to patient’s bladder. This procedure helps to carry blood to the kidney and the vein that carries blood away is surgically connected to the artery and vein already existing in the pelvis of the recipient helps the blood to flow through the new kidney, allowing it to start doing its job of filtering and removing waste as well as to produce urine.
The patient’s already existing kidneys are not usually removed unless they are causing severe problems such as frequent kidney infections, uncontrollable high blood pressure, or are greatly enlarged. It usually takes 3-7 days for the patient to recover.
Post your kidney transplant surgery you’ll wake up in a recovery room. Hospital staff and doctors will monitor your vital signs until they’re sure you’re awake and stable. Then, they’ll transfer you to a hospital room and closely monitor you for a few days.
Even if you feel great after your surgery (many people do), you’ll likely need to stay in the hospital for up to a week after surgery.
Your new kidney may start to clear waste from the body immediately after the surgery, or it may take up to a few weeks before it starts functioning. Kidneys donated by family members usually start working more quickly than those from unrelated or transplanted from deceased donors.
You can expect a good deal of pain and soreness near the incision site during the initial period of healing. While you’re in the hospital, your doctors will monitor you for any kind of complications. They’ll also put you on a strict schedule of immunosuppressant drugs and some medications to stop your body from rejecting the new kidney. You’ll need to take these drugs every day to prevent your body from rejecting the donor kidney.
Before you take discharge from the hospital, your transplant team will give you specific instructions on how and when to take your medications. Make sure that you understand these instructions very carefully, and ask as many questions as needed. Your doctors will also create a checkup schedule for you to follow after your surgery.
Once you’re discharged from the hospital, you’ll need to keep regular appointments with your doctor so that they can evaluate how well your new kidney is functioning.
Risks and Complications that can occur with kidney transplant surgery may include:
|Procedure||Cost in USD||Stay in Hospital||Stay in India||Total Days|
|Kidney Transplant||12000- 14000||10 days||30 days||40|